Archaeological dating techniques can assure buyers that their item is not a fake by providing scientific reassurance of the artefact's likely age. Without the ability to date archaeological sites and specific contexts within them, In archaeology, dating techniques fall into two broad categories: chronometric. RELATIVE DATING TECHNIQUES • One of the most fundamental principles of archaeology is the Law of Superposition. • The law states that.
Herbchronology Dating methods in archaeology[ edit ] Same as geologists or paleontologistsarchaeologists are also brought to determine the age of ancient materials, but in their case, the areas of their studies are restricted to the history of both ancient and recent humans.
Nevertheless, the range of time within archaeological dating can be enormous compared to the average lifespan of a singular human being. It was the case of an 18th-century method of dating in archeology whose excavation was led in South Carolina United States in Dating material drawn from the archaeological record can be made by a direct study of an artifactor may be deduced by association with materials found in the context the item is drawn from or inferred by its point of discovery in the sequence relative to datable contexts.
Dating is carried out mainly post excavationbut to support good practice, some preliminary dating work called "spot dating" is usually run in tandem with excavation. Dating is very important in archaeology for constructing models of the past, as it relies on the integrity of dateable objects and samples.
Many disciplines of archaeological science are concerned with dating evidence, but in practice several different dating techniques must be applied in some circumstances, thus dating evidence for much of an archaeological sequence recorded during excavation requires matching information from known absolute or some associated steps, with a careful study of stratigraphic relationships. In addition, because of its particular relation with past human presence or past human activity, archaeology uses almost all the dating methods that it shares with the other sciences, but with some particular variations, like the following: Written markers[ edit ] Epigraphy — analysis of inscriptions, via identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
Palaeography — the study of ancient writing, including the practice of deciphering, reading, and dating historical manuscripts. Seriation[ edit ] Seriation is a relative dating method see, above, the list of relative dating methods.