– , . , , , , . Rex Key demonstrates how he make clay pipes at Ironbridge Gorge Museums' Broseley Pipe Works in Shropshire.
The earliest clay pipes known in England and Europe are generally thought to date from c and are thought to have been copied from styles smoked. Approximately Dating Stems English White Pottery Pipe Stems Curator's Corner Historical These were white clay tobacco pipes, also called kaolin clay pipes.
Artifacts as time markers Pipe stem dating The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists claying pipe dating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, claying pipe dating a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part.
This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore. Louis Binford later devised a mathematical formula to refine Harrington's method Deetz This dating technique only applies to pipe stems manufactured in England between approximately and Historical archeologists do not rely on pipe stem fragments as the only source for determining a site's history.
Parts of clay smoking pipes.